I do not know from which version, but capture module seems to be disabled by default in V1.8.3. Basically, this is not a bug, it will be a specification change. But I think too that's a no good change that accepts spam by default.
How to use capture module again:
Admin > Plugins > reCAPTCHA <= Enabled
Admin > Spam > Use captcha on feedback form <= ON ※1
※1: These options are only shown if any capture module is enabled.
However, if the capture module does not prevent spam, other measures may be necessary.